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WHEN IS HALITOSIS A CAUSE FOR CONCERN?

January 09, 2019
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Wondering why you've been noticing pet-related posts and info on Date Night Ideas? Simple - we have found that a large portion of our readership are passionate pet guardians (just as we are!). As the proud owner of We Love Pets SA, we also have first-hand experience of sharing our lives with our partners as well as a troupe of fury friends. 

We bring them along on outings and holidays, and there are many of our readers who like to do the same with their pets. As such, the Date Night Ideas team likes to share insider knowledge on pet-friendly accommodation venues, holiday destinations and more. 

When your dog has bad breath it can be extremely unpleasant for all those around them. No matter what the reason for the bad breath, all causes of bad breath need to be treated. Bad breath also known as Halitosis usually has oral causes. There are, however, some non-oral causes; and in these cases halitosis can be a symptom of a more serious condition. 


ORAL CAUSES
Periodontal disease: Bad breath of oral origin is caused by microbes within the oral cavity. Anaerobic bacteria release malodorous volatile sulphur compounds which tend to proliferate in certain conditions. These gram negative bacteria are usually found in plaque, in periodontal pockets and on the surface of the tongue. They proliferate in conditions where there is poor oral hygiene and periodontal disease.

NON ORAL CAUSES
Other possible non oral causes of halitosis can stem from the airways, oesphagus, stomach and even certain metabolic conditions and behavioural conditions.

OESOPGAHUS
Some conditions such as Mega oesophagus where there is a dilation of the oesophagus and incomplete closure of the sphincter, where the oesophagus joins the stomach can allow the release of the smell of the fermenting food from the stomach. This usually gives off a rancid type of smell.

DIABETES
Diabetics can suffer from a condition called ketoacidosis and this can cause bad breath. The odour is usually sweet smelling.

KIDNEY
Pets with chronic renal failure suffering from high levels of urea in the blood can cause a sour smelling mouth odour.

NASAL PASSAGES AND AIRWAYS
The nasal passages can also be a source of bad breath and examples of conditions that cause halitosis are infections and foreign bodies. The odour is usually foul smelling.

BEHAVIOURAL
Coprophagia is the ingestion of faeces and is a common behavioural problem contributing to bad breath.

CANCER 
Bad breath can be caused from cancer in the mouth, nasal passages, throat , oesophagus and airways. 

IF YOUR PET HAS BAD BREATH HERE'S WHAT YOU NEED TO DO:
Take your pet to the vet: Your vet will diagnose the cause of the bad breath and suggest an appropriate treatment. Whether the cause is oral or non oral they will more than likely need some form of treatment
Brush you your pets teeth regularly to maintain dental hygiene
Feed a good quality highly digestible food
Feed dental chews and toys to maintain dental health
Use a natural dental hygiene product


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